French verb apprendre . . . to learn

Learn French VERBS conjugation.
The word in French for 'to learn' is apprendre


Here is the fully conjugated French verb apprendre, with some practise sentences using some of the conjugations of apprendre - the verb to learn in French. Learn your French conjugations here at the Learn French Help online language school, and try out the sample French sentences which put these conjugated verbs into practical examples. For regular updates of verbs added to this site click on the RSS feed button on the top left of the screen, and you will be automatically notified whenever a new French word or verb appears on the site. The infinitive of the French verb apprendre means to learn.

Present Participle of apprendre

The present participle of apprendre is: apprenant - learning

Past Participle of apprendre

The past participle of apprendre is: appris- learnt.
The past participle is very important as it is used to form the various compound tenses, four of which are used in modern French conversation and writing. Check out the tenses in the tables below and the sample sentences with them.

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The 5 Simple Tenses of the French verb apprendre - to learn Conjugated


Present Indicative Tense conjugations of apprendre
présent de l'indicatif

j' apprends
- I learn
tu apprends
- you learn - ( familiar or informal )
il, elle, on apprend
- he, she, it, one learns
nous apprenons
- we learn
vous apprenez
- you learn ( formal or plural )
ils, elles apprennent
- they learn

Example French sentence of the verb apprendre conjugated in the present indicative tense:

Il n'est pas très malin, il apprend très lentement.
He is not very clever, he learns very slowly.


Imperfect Indicative Tense conjugations of apprendre
imparfait de l'indicatif

j'apprenais
- I learnt
tu apprenais
- you learnt - ( familiar or informal )
il, elle, on apprenait
- he, she, it, one learnt
nous apprenions
- we learnt
vous appreniez
- you learnt - ( formal or plural )
ils, elles apprenaient
- they learnt

Example sentence of the French verb apprendre conjugated in the imperfect indicative tense:

Autrefois, vous appreniez à écrire en faisant de la calligraphie à l école!
In the past, you learnt /were learning to write using calligraphy at scool!


Future Tense conjugations of apprendre
futur

j' apprendrai
- I will learn
tu apprendras
- you will learn ( familiar or informal )
il, elle, on apprendra
- he, she, it, one will learn
nous apprendrons
- we will learn
vous apprendrez
- you will learn ( formal or plural )
ils, elles apprendront
- they will learn

Example French sentence of the verb apprendre conjugated in the future tense:

J’apprendrai l’italien quand je serais plus grand.
I will learn Italian when I am older.


Conditional Tense conjugations of apprendre
conditionnel

j'apprendrais
- I would learn
tu apprendrais
- you would learn ( familiar or informal )
il, elle, on apprendrait
- he, she, it, one would learn
nous apprendrions
- we would learn
vous apprendriez
- you would learn ( formal or plural )
ils, elles apprendraient
- they would learn

Example sentence of the French verb apprendre conjugated in the conditional tense:

Il apprendrait mieux sa leçon de géographie s’il n’était pas devant la télévision!
He would learn his geographic lesson better if he was not on the TV.


Present Subjunctive Tense conjugations of apprendre
présent du subjonctif

Que j’apprenne
- that I may learn
Que tu apprennes
- that you may learn ( familiar or informal )
Qu’il, elle, on apprenne
- that he, she, it, one may learn
Que nous apprenions
- that we may learn
Que vous appreniez
- that you may learn ( formal or plural )
Qu’ils, elles apprennent
- that they may learn

Example sentence of the French verb apprendre conjugated in the present subjunctive tense:

Donne-moi ce livre pour que j’apprenne ma leçon!
Give me this book, so that I may learn my lesson!


The Four Compound Tenses of the French verb apprendre - the verb 'to learn' in French


Compound Past or Past Indefinite Tense conjugations of apprendre
passé composé

j'ai appris
- I have learnt or I did learn or
- I learnt
tu as appris
- you have learnt or you did learn - ( familiar or informal ) or
- you learnt
il, elle, on a appris
- he, she, it, one has learnt or did learn
- he, she, it learnt
nous avons appris
- we have learnt or we did learn
- we learnt
vous avez appris
- you have learnt or you did learn ( formal or plural ) or
- or we learnt
ils, elles ont appris
- they have learnt or they did learn
- they learnt

Example French sentence of the verb apprendre conjugated in the compound past (passé composé) tense:

As-tu appris l’alphabet à l’école primaire?
Have you learnt the alphabet at primary school?


Past Perfect Indicative or Pluperfect Tense conjugations of apprendre - learn in French
plus-que-parfait de l'indicatif

j'avais appris
- I had learnt
tu avais appris
- you had learnt - ( familiar or informal )
il, elle, on avait appris
- he, she, it, one had learnt
nous avions appris
- we had learnt
vous aviez appris
- you had learnt ( formal or plural )
ils, elles avaient appris
- they had learnt

Example sentence of the French verb apprendre conjugated in the compound past (passé composé) tense (or pluperfect tense):

Nous avions appris cette leçon l’année de notre Baccalauréat.
We had learnt this lesson during our A-Level years.


Future Perfect or Future Anterior Tense conjugations of apprendre
futur antérieur

j'aurai appris
- I will have learnt
tu auras appris
- you will have learnt - ( familiar or informal )
il, elle, on aura appris
- he, she, it, one will have learnt
nous aurons appris
- we will have learnt
vous aurez appris
- you will have learnt - ( formal or plural )
ils, elles auront appris
- they will have learnt

Example sentence of the French verb apprendre conjugated in the future perfect tense:

Ecoute ce qu’il te dit et tu auras appris quelque chose d’intéréssant aujourd’hui!
Listen to what he is saying and you will have learnt something interesting today!


Conditional Perfect Tense conjugations of apprendre
conditionnel passé

j'aurais appris
- I would have learnt
tu aurais appris
- you would have learnt - ( familiar or informal )
il, elle, on aurait appris
- he, she, it, one would have learnt
nous aurions appris
- we would have learnt
vous auriez appris
- you would have learnt - ( formal or plural )
ils, elles auraient appris
- they would have learnt

Example French sentence of the verb apprendre conjugated in the conditional perfect:

J’aurais appris à être patiente avec lui si j'avais plus de temps!
I would have learnt to be patient with him if I had more time!


Imperative Tense conjugations of apprendre
impératif

apprends
apprenons
apprenez

Example sentence of the French verb apprendre conjugated in the imperative tense (actually the imperative is called a mood rather than a tense):

Apprenez à compter au lieu de dire des bêtises!
Learn to count instead of talking nonsense!


Present Participle of apprendre

apprenant - learning

Here is a sample sentence with the present participle of apprendre.

En apprenant par coeur, il a eu une très bonne note!
By learning off by heart, he received a very good mark!


There are other tenses in French but these are not really used in conversation. Hence we have not conjugated the French verb apprendre in the following tenses. They are useful to be aware of, as you may come across them in literature.

Simple Tenses not used much in French conversation these days...

  • The Simple Past (or past definite tense) passé simple. This tense is generally used in formal literature and historic writing. It is used very infrequently nowadays except for the verbs être and avoir which should be learned in these tenses. The passé composé is used in its place these days.
  • Imperfect Subjunctive - imparfait du subjonctif. Again this is used in formal writing and old literature and not used in modern writing or conversation. The present subjunctive is used these days.

Compound Tenses not used often in modern French conversation

  • Past Anterior tense - passé antérieur
  • Past Subjunctive tense - passé du subjonctif
  • Past Perfect subjunctive or pluperfect subjunctive - plus-que-parfait du subjonctif

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The word in French for learn is the French verb apprendre
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