Stats, figures & information on burundi

General information on Burundi:

The murder of the first democratically elected president in Burundi in 1993 has lead to intense violent ethnic movements between both Hutu and Tutsi communities. Therefore numerous domestic and foreign migrations towards neighboring countries took place. However recent efforts are made to bring peace back by the last temporary government as they signed a cease-fire agreement with three of Burundi's four Hutu armed groups, darkening the expectations for a future hypothetic peace.

Geographical information on Burundi:

Geographical Position: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Map Ref Latitude & Longitude 3 30 S, 30 00 East

Total Land & Sea Area: 27,800 square kms Sea Area:2,200 square kms land area: 25,7000 square kms

Land boundaries: Total: 975 kms Border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 235 kms, Rwanda 295 kms, Tanzania 450 kms Coastal Length: none

Climatological information on Burundi:

Equatorial; alternation between plateaux and mountains (770 meters to 2,675 meters high); average is about 20 degrees centigrade; wet seasons from the months of February to month of May and from the month of September to the month of November, and dry seasons from the month of June to the month of August and from the month of December to the month of January. Country terrain: hills and mountains, to plateaux in the eastern regions to few plains.

Highest & Lowest Elevations: Lowest elevation: Lake Tanganyika 775 meters highest point: Mount Heha 2,675 meters

Natural resources: nickel deposits, uranium deposits, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper mining, platinum mining, vanadium deposites, arable land, hydropower Land use: arable land area: 30 percent permanent crops: 13 percent other: 57 percent (1998 estimate.) Irrigated land area: 750 square kms (1998 estimate.)

Natural hazards: Flooding, landslides, drought

Geographical information on Burundi:

No sea area; is the watershed Nile River-Congo River Population: 6,096,200 Age structure: Under 15: 47 percent From 15 to 65: 51 percent Over 65: 2 percent Median age: Total: 16.5 years male: 16 years female: 17 years (2002) Population growth rate: 2.2 percent (2003 estimate.) Birth rate: 39.7 births/1,000 population (2003 estimate.) Death rate: 18 deaths/1,000 population (2003 estimate.) Net migration rate: -0.1 migrant /1,000 population (2003 estimate.) Life expectancy at birth: total population: 43 years male: 42 years female: 44 years (2003 estimate.) Total fertility rate: 6 children born/woman (2003 estimate.)

Ethnic groups: Hutu (Bantu) 86 percent, Tutsi (Hamitic) 13 percent, Twa (Pygmy) less than 1 percent of Europeans 3,000 and South Asians 2,000

Religious information on Burundi: Christian 65 percent, indigenous beliefs 24 percent, Islam/Muslim faith 11 percent

Languages information on Burundi: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili Literacy: definition: age 15 and over that can read and write total population: 51.5 percent male: 58 percent female: 45 percent (2003 estimate.) Government Burundi Republic of Burundi Government type: republic Capital city: Bujumbura

Independence Day, 1 July (1962) Constitution: 13 March 1992; provided for establishment of a plural political system; supplanted on 6 June 1998 by a Transitional Constitution which enlarged the National Assembly and created two vice presidents Legal system: Based on German and Belgian civil codes;

Executive branch: Head of State: President Head of government: President cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by president

Economy of Burundi:

Economy - information on Burundi: Burundi has no access to the sea , poor natural resources and is underdeveloped in terms of manufacturing. The economy is mainly agricultural as 90 percent of the population is working in this sector. Coffee and tea represent 90 percent of foreign exchange earnings.

A war between both hutu and tootsies ethies has caused the death of more than 300,000 persons and displaced more than 1 million refugees abroad. GDP - Gross Domestic Product: - $USD3.150 billion (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - growth rate: 5 percent (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - per capita: - $USD500 (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - composition by sector: agriculture: 50 percent industry: 20 percent services: 30 percent (2002 estimate.) Population below poverty line: 65 percent (2002 estimate.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 13 percent (2002 estimate.) Labor force: 4 million (2000)

Budget information on Burundi: incomes: $USD125 million spending: $USD176 million, Industries: light consumer goods eg: blankets shoes or soap industries; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing Industrial production growth rate: 18 percent (2001)

Agriculture - products:

Coffee, cotton, tea, sweet potatoes, bananas,cereals and grains; meat and , milk, hides Exports: $USD27 million (2002 estimate.)

Exports - commodities: coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides Exports - partners: Switzerland 30 percent, Germany 20 percent, Belgium 9.5 percent, Kenya 8 percent, Rwanda 6.5 percent, Netherlands 4.5 percent (2002) Imports: $USD135 million (2002 estimate.)

Imports - commodities: capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs Imports - partners: Belgium 12.5 percent, Saudi Arabia 12.5 percent, Tanzania 9.5 percent, Kenya 8 percent, France 7.5 percent, India 4 percent (2002) Debt - external: $USD1.15 billion (2001)

Currency: Burundi franc (BIF) Currency code: BIF

Communications in Burundi:

Telephones: 18,000 (2002)

Radio broadcast stations: Amplitude Modulation 0, Frequency Modulation 4, SW 1 (2001) Television stations: 1 (2001) Internet country code: .bi

Travel to Burundi:

Railroad networks: none Roading System: Total: 14,500 kms Airports: 7 (2002)

Military system of Burundi:

Military branches: Army (including naval and air units), Gendarmerie Military spending: $USD42 million (Fiscal Year 02) Military spending: - percent of GDP - Gross Domestic Product: 5.5 percent (Fiscal Year 02)

International Issues Burundi Disputes - international: ethnic groups conflicts, associated political rebels, armed gangs, and several government forces keep on fighting in the Great Lakes area.; government try hard to put an end to the conflict, but local violence goes on in spite of UN peacekeeping efforts

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Information sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook

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