Fun facts, stats & figures information on Cambodia

General information on Cambodia:

After the invasion of Phnom Penh by the Communist Khmer Rouge armed forces in 1975 the evacuation of all cities and towns was ordered.

Over 1 million deported people were killed following summary execution or put into concentration camps.

Three years later the invasion of the Vietnamese forced the Khmer Rouge to take refuge in the countryside.

However the UN in 1993 implemented a coalition government and, in 1998, helped restore stability and the surrender of remaining Khmer Rouge forces.

Geographical information on Cambodia:

Geographical Position: Southeastern Asia, along the Gulf of Thailand, Map Ref Latitude & Longitude 13 00 North, 105 00 East

Total Land & Sea Area: 181,000 square kms land area: 176,500 square kms Sea Area:4,500 square kms

Land boundaries: Total: 2,570 kms Border countries: Laos 540 kms, Thailand 800 kms, Vietnam 1,230 kms Coastal Length: 450 kms

Climatological information on Cambodia:

Tropical; rainy during monsoon season (from the month of May to the month of November); dry season is from the month of December to the month of April. Country terrain: mainly low plains; some elevations in southwestern and northern areas

Highest & Lowest Elevations: Lowest elevation: Gulf of Thailand at mean sea level highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,815 meters

Natural resources: Wood, lumber, gemstones deposits, iron , manganese deposits, phosphates, Land use: arable land area: 21 percent permanent crops: 0.6 percent other: 78.5 percent (1998 estimate.) Irrigated land area: 2,800 square kms (1998 estimate.)

Natural hazards: monsoon; flooding; some droughts

Geographical information on Cambodia:

Population: 13,125,000 Age structure: Under 15: 39 percent From 15 to 65: 57.5 percent Over 65: 3 percent Median age: Total: 19 years male: 18.5 years female: 21 years (2002) Population growth rate: 2 percent (2003 estimate.) Birth rate: 27.3 births/1,000 population (2003 estimate.) Death rate: 9.3 deaths/1,000 population (2003 estimate.) Net migration rate: 0 migrant /1,000 population (2003 estimate.) Total: 75.94 deaths/1,000 live births female: 66.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 estimate.) male: 85 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy at birth: total population: 58 years male: 56 years female: 60 years (2003 estimate.) Total fertility rate: 3.6 children born/woman (2003 estimate.) Nationality: Cambodian Ethnic groups: Khmer 89 percent, Vietnamese 4 percent, Chinese 3 percent, other 4 percent

Religious information on Cambodia: Theravada Buddhist 95 percent, other 5 percent

Languages: Khmer (official), French, English Literacy: definition: age 15 and over that can read and write total population: 70 percent male: 80 percent female: 60 percent (2003 estimate.)

Government Cambodia

Kingdom of Cambodia

Government type: Multiparty democracy with King since September 1993.

Capital city: Phnom Penh

Independence: 9 November 1953 from France National holiday: Independence Day, 9 November 1953 Constitution: 1993 Legal system: Mix of French codes and United Nations Transitional Authority (UNTAC), royal, customary law, communist legal theory; common law.

Suffrage: All citizens from 18 years old.

Executive branch: Head of State: King Head of government: Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Ministers cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch

Economy of Cambodia:

Economy information on Cambodia: Despite the dramatic slow down of the economy that took place in the whole southeatern Asia in 1997-1998 the country recovered peace and growth the following years with a 5.5 percent growth of the GDP - Gross Domestic Product in average.

Nevertheless after more than 30 years of civil war long-term development of the economy is uncertain as the population has a low level in education and poor infrastructures especially in the countryside.

In addition corruption and lack of political reforms prevent foreign investments .

GDP - Gross Domestic Product: - $USD20.5 billion (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - growth rate: 4 percent (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - per capita: - $USD1,600 (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - composition by sector: agriculture: 37 percent industry: 21 percent services: 42 percent (2001 estimate.) Population below poverty line: 35 percent (1997 estimate.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.5 percent (2002 estimate.) Labor force: 6.5 million (1998 estimate.) Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 75 percent (2001 estimate.) rate of unemployment: 3 percent (1999 estimate.)

Budget information on Cambodia: incomes: $USD395 million spending: $USD610 million, Industries: tourism, rice, fishing industry, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles. Industrial production growth rate: 16 percent (2001 estimate.)

Agriculture - products:

Cereals, rubber, vegetables Exports: $USD1.4 billion (2001 estimate.)

Exports - commodities: Wood, textiles, apparel, clothing, rubber, rice, fishing products Exports - partners: US 60 percent, Germany 9 percent, UK 7 percent, Singapore 4.5 percent (2002) Imports: $USD1.7 billion (2001 estimate.)

Imports - commodities: Petroleum products, tobacco, gold mining, construction materials, machinery equipment, vehicles. Imports - partners: Thailand 25 percent, Singapore 17 percent, China 12 percent, Hong Kong 11 percent, South Korea 5.5 percent, Vietnam 5 percent (2002) Debt - external: $USD830 million (1999 estimate.)

Currency: riel (KHR) Currency code: KHR

Communications in Cambodia:

Telephones: 21,800 (mid-1998) Radio broadcast stations: Amplitude Modulation 7, Frequency Modulation 3, SW 3 (1999) Television stations: 5 (2003) Internet country code: .kh

Travel to Cambodia:

Railroad networks: Total: 600 kms Roading System: Total: 12,000 kms Airports: 20 (2002)

Military system of Cambodia:

Military branches: Royal Cambodian Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force.

Military spending: $USD115 million (Fiscal Year 01 estimate.) International Issues Cambodia Disputes - international: Boundary disputes with Thailand; Vietnam.

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Information sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook

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