Statistics, fun facts and information on Cameroon

General information on Cameroon:

The current country of Cameroon was created in 1961 after the merger of former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon.

Most of the time politically stable, the country is well developed in agriculture, and communications and is able to rely on its petroleum industry. However the power still belongs to an ethnic oligarchy.

Geographical information on Cameroon:

Geographical Position: Western Africa, along the Bight of Biafra, between Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea.

Map Ref Latitude & Longitude 6 00 North, 12 00 East

Total Land & Sea Area: 475,450 square kms Sea Area:6,500 square kms land area: 470,000 square kms

Land boundaries: Total: 4,590 kms Border countries: Central African Republic 800 kms, Chad 1,100 kms, Republic of the Congo 520 kms, Equatorial Guinea 190 kms, Gabon 300 kms, Nigeria 1,700 kms Coastal Length: 400 kms

territorial sea: 50 NM

Climatological information on Cameroon:

From tropical along the coasts to semiarid and hot in the northern areas. Country terrain: Coastal plains in the southwestern regions, dissected plateau in the center, mountains in western regions and some plains in the northern regions.

Highest & Lowest Elevations: Lowest elevation: Atlantic Ocean at mean sea level highest point: Fako: 4,100 meters

Natural resources: Petroleum resources, bauxite mining, iron ore, wood and wood products, hydropower. Land use: arable land area: 13 percent permanent crops: 2.5 percent other: 85 percent (1998 estimate.) Irrigated land area: 300 square kms (1998 estimate.)

Natural hazards: Some volcanos

Geographical information on Cameroon:

People Cameroon Population: 15,746,200 Age structure: Under 15: 42 percent From 15 to 65: 55 percent Over 65: 3 percent Median age: Total: 18.5 years male: 18 years female: 19 years (2002) Population growth rate: 2 percent (2003 estimate.) Birth rate: 35.5 births/1,000 population (2003 estimate.) Death rate: 15.5 deaths/1,000 population (2003 estimate.) Net migration rate: 0 migrant /1,000 population (2003 estimate.) Total: 70 deaths/1,000 live births female: 66 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 estimate.) male: 74 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy at birth: total population: 48 years male: 47 years female: 49 years (2003 estimate.) Total fertility rate: 4.65 children born/woman (2003 estimate.)

Nationality: Cameroonian

Ethnies: Cameroon Highlanders 30 percent, Equatorial Bantu 20 percent, Kirdi 10 percent, Fulani 10 percent, Northwestern Bantu 8 percent, Eastern Nigritic 7 percent, other African 13 percent, non-African less than 1 percent

Religious information on Cameroon: indigenous beliefs 41 percent, Christian 38 percent, Islam/Muslim faith 21 percent

Languages: 24 major African languages, English (official), French (official) Literacy: definition: age 15 and over that can read and write total population: 80 percent male: 85 percent female: 75 percent (2003 estimate.) Government Cameroon Republic of Cameroon

Government type: Unitary republic; multiparty presidential regime Capital city: Yaounde

Independence: 1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship) National holiday: Republic Day (National Day), 20 May (1972) Constitution: 20 May 1972 approved by referendum; 2 June 1972 formally adopted; revised January 1996 Legal system: based on French civil law system, with common law influence; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal

Executive branch: Head of State: President Head of government: Prime Minister cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from proposals submitted by the prime minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Assembly

Economy of Cameroon:

Economy information on Cameroon: Despite being one of the top sub-Saharan economies in terms of primary commodity thanks to its petroleum and to favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon has a large civil service and an underdeveloped business sector like many of its neighbours.

Nevertheless with the help of IMF and the World Bank organisations the government has tried hard to improve business investment, increase productivity in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks.

There are efforts to speed up structural reforms such as budget transparency, privatization, and fight against poverty. GDP - Gross Domestic Product: - $USD27 billion (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - growth rate: 4.5 percent (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - per capita: - $USD 1,800 (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - composition by sector: agriculture: 45 percent industry: 20 percent services: 35 percent (2001 estimate.) Population below poverty line: 50 percent (2000 estimate.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5 percent (2002 estimate.) Labor force: NA Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 65 percent, industry and commerce 15 percent, other 20 percent rate of unemployment: 30 percent (2001 estimate.)

Budget information on Cameroon: incomes: $USD2.5 billion spending: $USD2 billion, (Fiscal Year 00/01 estimate.)

Industries: Whole petroleum activity, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, wood products.

Agriculture - products:

Coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, cereals, root starches; livestock; wood products Exports: $USD2 billion (2002 estimate.)

Exports - commodities: crude oil and petroleum products, wood products, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton Exports - partners: Italy 17 percent, Spain 15 percent, France 13 percent, US 8.5 percent, Netherlands 8 percent, Taiwan 7.5 percent, China 5 percent, UK 4.5 percent (2002) Imports: $USD2 billion (2002 estimate.)

Imports - commodities: machinery, electrical and transport equipment, fuel , food Imports - partners: France 28 percent, Nigeria 13 percent, US 8 percent, Belgium 6 percent, Germany 5.5 percent, Italy 4 percent (2002) Debt - external: $USD8.5 billion (2002 estimate.) Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); Currency code: XAF

Communications in Cameroon :

Telephones: 95,000 (2001) Radio broadcast stations: Amplitude Modulation 2, Frequency Modulation 9, SW 3 (2002) Television stations: 1 (2002) Internet country code: .cm

Travel to Cameroon:

Railroad networks: Total: 1,000 kms Roading System: Total: 34,000 kms Pipelines: gas 95 kms; liquid petroleum gas 10 kms; oil 1,125 kms (2003) Airports: 49 (2002)

Military information on Cameroon:

Military branches: Army, Navy (includes naval infantry), Air Force, National Gendarmerie, Presidential Guard Military spending: $USD120 million (Fiscal Year 00) Military spending: - percent of GDP - Gross Domestic Product: 1.5 percent (Fiscal Year 98)

International Issues Disputes - international: Offshore petroleum conflicts with Nigeria; Disputes about delimitation of the Lake Chad between Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria Click for French speaking countries history now that you know all the facts and information on Cameroon

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Information sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook

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For lots of info on the world’s French speaking countries

Information sourced and adapted from the CIA Factbook

Home | All about the French Speaking Countries | Flags of Francophone Nations | Free French Lessons | History – French Countries | Contact

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©2004. Transcity Properties Ltd, 32 Alverton, Great Linford, Milton Keynes, MK14 5EF, Bucks, United Kingdom.

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