Flag of Cameroon. Hope, Independence & Unity

The flag of Cameroon reflects the fact that Cameroon, (or Cameroun) was the second African country to change their flag colors to the modern pan-African colors.

The placement of the colors is reminiscent of the French tricolor flag that once flew over their country.

Cameroon Flag

It is also similar to the Ethiopian flag, which had these same three colors, green, red, and yellow in a horizontal banners and dated back to 1897.

The flag was designed with three equal-sized vertical banners of green, red, and yellow.

Green is on the hoist side of the flag. A five pointed yellow star sits in the middle of the red banner.

The flag of Cameroon size is approximately a ratio size of 2:3.

Northern Cameroon adopted this flag design while still under French colonial rule in 1957.

This flag became the national flag of Cameroon in May 1975 and what had been French Cameroon became the Republic of Cameroon.

Colors on the flag of Cameroon

The green represents hope for the future and the rich vegetation especially the Southern forests.

The yellow is for the soil and can represent the great savannas of the far north part of the country.

Yellow is also for the sun as the source for the nation’s happiness.

Red is the symbol of independence and unity.

The star is also said to be the star of unity for the country is comprised of British and French territories.

Cameroon’s Air Force has two symbols of the flag. One is a circle or roundel looking much like a bull’s eye except for the colors.

It has a circle of green in the middle of the roundel, which is surrounded by a red border.

Then a green outer border surrounds the red border. Both borders are of the same width.

Other Air Force planes have a square symbol that looks much like the flag with vertical banners of green, red, and yellow but does not have a star in the center.

History of the Flag of Cameroon

Portuguese arrive in port

The Portuguese arrived on the coast of Cameroon sometime before 1472. It is said the sailors were yelling “Camaroes” on the beach because they were amazed at the giant shrimp in the area.

As a result, this soon evolved into Cameroon and the name of the country.

The southern ports of Cameroon were involved in the slave trade for over 400 years.

Northern Cameroon was a constant battleground for the Kanem-Bornu in Chad.

The north was also under the control of the Fulani Empire in Sokato, in what is now part of Nigeria.

Germans arrive

In the late 19th century, the Germans arrived.

In 1850, the Douala chief suggested his country become a protectorate of Great Britain. The British were slow to act on this.

In 1864 Germany who was actively building their empire in Africa managed to present and come to an agreement five days ahead of the British.

The German tricolor was now the official flag of Cameroon.

It had three equal sized horizontal banners. The top banner was black, the middle banner was white, and the lower banner was red. In the center of the white banner was an uncrowned imperial eagle.

After WWI came the French

After World War I, the League of Nations gave a mandate of over 80% of the country to the French.

The French brought with them the French language to Cameroon so that today you can learn French and practise your French in this country.

… and the Brits…

The British had the southwestern highlands, which were called Southern Cameroons and one in the north, which was called Northern Cameroons.

The Northern Cameroons are now part of Nigeria.

The country was divided into three parcels under two colonial powers and two flags.

The French tricolor flag of red, white, and blue flew over part of the country for many of these years.

The British flag, which is called the Union Jack or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.

It has a blue field with the red cross of Saint George who is the patron saint of England. It is edged in white superimposed on the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick who is the patron saint of Ireland.

Both crosses are superimposed on the diagonal white cross of Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland.

These designs and colors have been the basis for a number of other flags.

The British concentrated their efforts on the portion of Nigeria and within a few years sold their other Cameroon holding back to the Germans.

Independence from the French...

However, after World War II soon changed the flags again.

After World War II, French Cameroon pressed for its independence.

They finally achieved independence in 1960, using the flag of Northern Cameroon as the flag of Cameroon until later changing it.

The current flag of Cameroon was adopted in 1975.

Now you know all the stuff on the flag of Cameroon check out the country stats & facts.

More information on Cameroon, a French-speaking nation
Cameroon Information & Statistics |
More about Flags of Francophone Countries
Flag of Belgium | Flag of Benin | Flag of Burkina Faso | Flag of Burundi | Flag of Cameroon | Flag of Canada | Flag of Central African Republic | Flag of Chad | Flag of Congo | Flag of Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) | Flag of Djibouti | Flag of France | Flag of French Guiana | Flag of French Polynesia | Flag of Gabon | Flag of Guadeloupe | Flag of Guinea | Flag of Haiti | Flag of Laos | Flag of Lebanon | Flag of New Caledonia | Flag of Niger | Flag of Zaire

Flag of Cameroon
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