Flag of Luxembourg - Flag of a Neutral Country
While the flag of Luxembourg was first hoisted sometime between 1845-1848 when it gained its independence from the Netherlands, it was not officially adopted as the nation’s flag until June 1972.
The flag has three equally sized horizontal stripes of red at the top, then white, and light blue.
These colors were derived from the Grand Duke of Luxembourg’s coat of arms. The size ratio of this flag is 3:5.
The flag of Luxembourg is very similar to the one used by the Netherlands.
The Netherlands flag uses a darker blue and is somewhat shorter. Both flags were based on the tricolor flag of France.
History of the Flag of Luxembourg and a brief history of the country
The first history of Luxembourg begins in 963 when a castle was built on what today is the capital of Luxembourg.
This became a fortress, which was called the Gibraltar of the North.
During the time of the Middle Ages, the Burgundians, Spanish, French, Austrians and Prussians all did battle to seize this fortress.
The flag from each of these countries flew over part of the Luxembourg territory. So over time there has been many a different flag of Luxmebourg!
Each time they were attacked, a part of the fortress was destroyed and had to be rebuilt.
Some parts of the fort walls were rebuilt more than 20 times during this era.
France claimed part of this small country when Napoleon listed it as part of the French forestry department.
Because of its proximity to France, and the linguistically adept nature of its citizens, Luxembourg is a French-speaking nation where you can learn French and practise speaking French.
In 1814, at the Congress of Vienna, the Kingdom of the Netherlands was founded.
The Kingdom of Netherlands received Luxembourg to compensate for the loss of the Nassau lands in Germany.
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, with agreement from European Powers, was formed.
The Grand Duchy is a constitutional monarchy and an independent sovereign state. It is a very small country located between Belgium, France, and Germany.
Luxembourg was placed under the Dutch Constitution as the 18th province. The Dutch red, white, and blue flag flew over the area and for this period was the flag of Luxembourg.
It was also the Grand Duchy and a member of the German Confederation.
Luxembourg was part of the Belgian revolt in 1830.
Subsequently, the western part of Luxembourg remained with Belgium.
The eastern portion of the country was returned to the Dutch King.
Thus, the administration of the Kingdom of Luxembourg and the Grand Duchy were separated.
In 1850, iron ore was found in Luxembourg. The mining of this ore again brought this small country to the influence of European powers.
In 1867, the Treaty of London reaffirmed the territorial integrity of Luxembourg. It was also declared a permanently neutral country.
It was to be protected and guaranteed its neutrality by all of Europe’s great powers.
Within a short period of time, the country declared itself neutral in all of its international affairs.
To confirm this, it also torched the fort, which had withstood so many attacks.
In 1890 Luxembourg became fully independent and the Grand Duchy has had its own king ever since. The flag of Luxembourg once again flew over this small country.
Luxembourg has been occupied by Germany during both World Wars. As it was seized during World War I, the German flag was flown, so for this period it was the flag of Luxembourg.
In World War II, the Battle of the Bulge was fought mainly to protect Luxembourg from the German invaders.
During Nazi occupation during World War II, the German flag flew over the country. During this time, Luxembourg gave up its neutral position to aid in economic, political, and military organizations with the Allies.
Luxembourg has also helped form the economic union between Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
It has had a tremendous influence in the European Union. The steel industry plays a significant part in Luxembourg’s economy.
It has also transitioned itself from an industry driven economy into a more service-based economy.
Now you know all abou the flag of Luxembourg, you can check out the information, facts & statistics.
More information on Luxembourg, a French-speaking nation
History of Luxembourg |
Map of Luxembourg |
Learn French in Luxembourg
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