French Disjunctive Pronouns

These pronouns serve to separate the verbs (not a separate form in English)

French Disjunctive Pronouns are

English French subjects Disjunctive pronouns
Me Je Moi
You(informal) Tu Toi
Him/her Il/elle Lui/elle
Us Nous Nous
You(formal) Vous Vous
Them Ils/elles Eux/elles
/ On Soi

French Disjunctive Pronouns don’t refer to things, but to people

Use of these pronouns

In response to a question, it can stand alone

Qui l’a pris? Moi!Who’s taken it? Me!
Tu l’as pris! Moi?You’ve taken it! (what) Me?

Used after prepositions

Comme nousLike us
La plupart d’entre euxMost of them
C’est à moiIt’s mine (it belongs to me)
Chacun pour soiEach one for himself

À + French Disjunctive Pronoun = reference to people

Penser / songer à – Think about
Avoir affaire à – Have business with, deal with
Prendre garde à – Beware of
Je pense à toiI’m thinking of you
Elle est venue à moi She came to me
Ce pantalon ne te vas pas du tout – Those pants really don’t suit you

Used to specify the individual parts of a plural subject

Eux et moi, on se voit souvent – They and I see each other a lot
Les enfants et lui se taquinent toujours – He and the children always tease each other
Qui l’a fait, lui ou son copain? Who did it, he or his friend?

Used to give a subject or a pronoun

Moi, je ne suis pas d’accord– I don’t agree
Lui, je ne l’aime pas du tout– I don’t like him at all

French Disjunctive Pronouns used after c’est, c’était

C’est toi?It’s you
C’est elles! It’s them

Used after que, ne…que, ne…ni…ni (either)

Il est plus jeune que moi He’s younger than me
On parle toujours des choses qui n’intéressent que soi We always talk about things that only interest ourselves

Used after a relative pronoun

Lui, qui ne sait absolument rien, a été promu capitaine – He, who knows absolutely nothing, has been promoted to captain
Elle m’aime, moi qui n’ai pas un sou – She loves me, I who haven’t a penny

Used instead of subject pronouns with aussi et seul

Lui seul est resté dans sa chambre– He alone remained in the room
Eux aussi l’ont essayé– They tried it too

French Disjunctive Pronouns combine with même

Moi-même Myself
Toi-même Yourself
Lui-même Himself
Elle-même Herself
Soi-même Oneself
Nous-mêmes Ourselves
Vous-mêmes Yourselves
Eux-mêmes Themselves
Elles-mêmes Themselves

Tu l’as vraiment fait toi même?You really did it (all by) yourself?

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