French Object Pronouns

To use the French Object Pronouns, you have to know some details about it:

In English, when a person indicates possession (ownership), they do not have to think about anything more than saying my or mine

These are the French Object Pronouns: my, your, his, her, its, their.

One would say: my car, my dog, my books

In French, however, before indicating possession, you have to know the gender and number of the noun/object and the French Object Pronouns change according to these factors:

my car is ma voiture - because the noun, car, is feminine singular;

my dog is mon chien - because the noun, dog, is masculine singular;

my books is mes livres - because the noun, books, is plural (and masculine).

French Possessive Pronouns
English French Subject Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Plural
I je mon ma mes
you (informal) tu ton ta tes
he, she, it/one il, elle, on son sa ses
we nous notre notre nos
you (formal) vous votre votre vos
they Ils/Elles leur leur leurs

As always, there are exceptions.

When the noun (object) begins with a vowel, whether or not it is feminine, the masculine form of the possessive pronoun is used for je, tu, and il/elle/on.

A common example of this is the word friend.
Ami (masculine) and amie (feminine) are both preceded by mon, ton, and son because of the beginning vowel in ami.
e.g. mon/ton/son amie = my/your/his/her/one's female friend.

It is the same for words beginning with h.
e.g. histoire - story.
One would say mon histoire, ton histoire, son histoire, instead of using the feminine possessive pronouns (ma, ta, sa).

Here are some examples of the French Possessive Pronouns in use

Ma maison est dans la campagne. - My house is in the country.

Ton ami Jacques arrive.- Your friend Jacques is coming.

Ses voitures ne marchent pas. Their cars do not work.

Notre gouvernement est socialiste. - Our government is socialist.

Vos parents sont algériens. - Your parents are Algerian.

Leur idée n’est pas bonne. - Their idea is not good.


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