French Perfect Tense

To use the French Perfect Tense, you need to know in which conditions it's used

This tense is used to express a complete action.

The French Perfect Tense has two forms:

Verbs conjugated with être
Verbs conjugated with avoir

Verbs with être

e.g. Aller to go

Je suis allé(e) - I went
Tu es allé(e) - you went
Il/elle est allé(e) - he/she went
Nous sommes allé(e) - we went
Vous êtes allé(e) - you went
Ils/elles sont allé(e)s- they went

Arriver I arrived je suis arrivé(e)
DescendreI went down je suis descendu(e)
Devenir I became je suis devenu(e)
EntrerI entered je suis entré(e)
MonterI went up je suis monté(e)
Mourir I died je suis mort(e)
Naître I was born je suis né(e)
Partir I left je suis parti(e)
Rentrer I went back je suis rentré(e)
Rester I stayed je suis resté(e)
Retourner I returned je suis retourné(e)
Revenir I came back je suis revenu(e)
Sortir I went out je suis sortie
Tomber – I fell je suis tombé(e)
Venir I came je suis venu(e)

Reflexive verbs with être in the French Perfect Tense

e.g. Se taire to become silent

Je me suis tu(e) - I become silent
Tu t’es tu(e) - you become silent
Il/elle s’est tu(e) - he/she becomes silent
Nous nous sommes tu(e) - we become silent
Vous vous êtes tu(e) - you become silent
Ils se sont tu(e) - they become silent

Se laverI washed myself je me suis lavé(e)
S’asseoir I sat down je me suis assis(e)
Se souvenir I remembered je me suis souvenu(e)

Verbs with avoir in the French Perfect Tense

e.g. Mangerto eat

J’ai mangé I ate
Tu as mangé you ate
Il/elle a mangé he/she ate
Nous avons mangé we ate
Vous avez mangé you ate
Ils/elles ont mangé they ate

Avoir I had j’ai eu
Conduire I drove j’ai conduit
Connaître I knew j’ai connu
Courir I run J’ai couru
Craindre I feared j’ai craint
Croire I believed j’ai cru
Devoir I had to j’ai dû
Dire I said j’ai dit
Ecrire I wrote j’ai écrit
Etre I was j’ai été
Faire I made j’ai fait
Falloir It was necessary il a fallu
Lire I read j’ai lu
Mettre I put j’ai mis
Ouvrir I open j’ai ouvert
Pleuvoir It rained il a plu
Pouvoir I was able j’ai pu
Prendre I took j’ai pris
Recevoir I received j’ai reçu
Rire I laughed j’ai ri
Savoir I knew j’ai su
Suivre I followed j’ai suivi
Tenir I held j’ai tenu
Vendre I sold j’ai vendu
Vivre I lived j’ai vécu
VoirI saw j’ai vu
Vouloir I wanted j’ai voulu

To look at more grammar lessons like French Perfect Tense , click here
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