French Plural Nouns


French Plural Nouns formation


French nouns add -S to form their plural. Here are their exceptions

Plural nouns ending -S, -X, -Z don’t changed

Le tas = les tas heap
La croix = les croix cross
Le nez = les nez nose

Nouns ending -AU, -EAU, -EU add –X

Le tuyau = les tuyaux drainpipe
Le gâteau = les gâteaux cake
Le neveu = les neveux nephew

Exceptions

Le bleu = les bleus bruise
Le pneu = les pneus tyre

French Plural Nouns ending –AL change to -AUX

Le corail = les coraux coral
L’émail = les émaux enamel
Le travail = les travaux work
Le vitrail = les vitraux stained glass window

Nouns endings -OU add -X (instead of -S)

Le bijou = les bijoux jewel
Le caillou = les cailloux pebble
Le chou = les choux cabbage
Le genou = les genoux knee
Le hibou = les hiboux owl
Le joujou = les joujoux toy
Le pou = les poux louse

Irregular plural

L’aïeul = les aïeux ancestor
Le bonhomme = les bonshommes fellow
Le ciel = les cieux sky
L’oeil = les yeux eye
Madame = Mesdames Mrs
Mademoiselle = Mesdemoiselles Miss
Monsieur = Messieurs Mr



French Plural Nouns of compound nouns


Compound nouns written as a single word, the French Plural Nouns are -S

Le pourboire = les pourboirestip

Compound nouns formed of an adjective plus a noun or two nouns, both add -S

La belle-mère = les belles mères mother in law
Le chou fleur = les choux fleurs cauliflower

Compound noun formed of a noun plus a prepositional phrase, only the noun adds -S

Un arc en ciel = des arcs en ciel rainbow

Compound nouns formed of a nouns preceded by a preposition, the French Plural Nouns are the same as singular

Le hors d’oeuvre = les hors d’oeuvre starter

Compound nouns formed of a verb plus its object noun, the noun adds -S

Le tire bouchon = les tires bouchons corkscrew
Un essuie glace = des essuie glaces windscreen wiper

Exceptions, compounds of this kind don’t change in the plural

Le coupe circuit = les coupe circuit circuit breaker

Compound nouns formed without a noun component, the French Plural Nouns are the same as the singular

Le passe partout = les passe partout master key



Singular for French Plural Nouns


Plural in English but singular in French

Le bétail cattle
La famille family
La policepolice

Singular in English but plural in French

Les funérailles funeral
Les nouvelles news
Les fiançailles engagement
Les progrès progress



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