After prepositions, que is used for people
So with / without / under whom is avec / sans / sous qui
La femme avec qui je parle – The woman to whom I’m speaking (that I’m speaking to)
After parmi (among) and entre (between), lesquels/lesquelles is used instead of qui for people
Les mineurs parmi lesquels tu vis – The miners among whom you live
De+qui becomes don’t (whose, of whom)
Voilà l’homme don’t tu as volé la voiture – There’s the man whose car you stole
L’homme don’t tu as besoin – The man you need (= of whom you have need)
Le pays don’t je parle – The country I’m speaking of
La voiture don’t il a volé la radio – The car whose radio he stole
Other French Relative Pronouns
Ce qui, ce que, ce don’t, ce à quoi
What as a relative is ce que or ce qui
Ce qui being the subject from
Ce que being the object form
Je ne comprend pas ce que tu dis – I don’t understand what you’re saying
Ce qui est difficile, c’est de jouer de la cornemuse – What’s difficult is playing the bagpipes
Ce qui and ce que are used instead of qui and que after tout (all, everything)
Tout ce que tu dis est incompréhensible – Everything (that you say) is incomprehensible
Ce qui and ce que can also mean which
Il va jouer de la cornemuse, ce qui est très difficile – He’s going to play the bagpipes, which is very difficult
Je lui ai tout expliqué, sans quoi il aurait été vraiment faché – I’ve explained everything to him, without which he would have been very angry
What as a French Relative Pronouns is ce à quoi or ce don’t
Ce à quoi je pense, c’est d’aller jouer à la pétanque – What I’m thinking of is going to play pétanque
Je peux t’envoyer ce don’t tu as besoin – I can send you what you need (what you have need of).
Je ne comprend pas ce don’t tu parles – I don’t understand what you’re talking about
To look at more grammar lessons like French Relative Pronouns, click here
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