Fun factual figures and information on Mayotte

General Information on Mayotte & Quick Overview

Mayotte, and other islands in the Comorros group were ceded to France in 1843. It was the only island in the Comorros archipelago that elected to retain its link with France and forego independence. This occurred in 1974.

Geographical Statistics & Information on Mayotte

Geographical Position: Island in the Mozambique Channel, between Madagascar and Mozambique

Map Ref Latitude & Longitude 12 degrees 00 S, 45 degrees 00 East Total Land & Sea Area Total: 375 square kilometres Sea Area 0 square kilometres land area: 375 square kilometres Land boundaries: 0 kilometres Coastal Length: 185 kilometres

Climatological Conditions & information on Mayotte

Tropical; maritime; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon from the months of November to the month of May; the dry season is cooler from the month of May to the month of November.

Terrain Features

Generally undulating, with rugged mountains, valleys; volcanic mountains. Highest & Lowest Elevations: Lowest elevation: Indian Ocean at sea level Highest elevation: Benara 670 metres Country’s natural resources: few natural resources.

Hazardous Natural phenomena: Cyclones and tropical stormsare common in the rainy season.

Geographical Point of Interest

Mayotte is a part of the Comorro Archipelago of twenty islands in the Indian Ocean.

Information on People

Mayotte Population: 178,000 (July 2003 estimate)

Age structure: under 15 years: 46 percent 15 to 64 years: 52 percent Over 65: 2 percent Median age of population: Total: 17 years male: 18 years female: 16 years (2002) Population growth rate: 4 percent (2003 estimate) Birth rate: 43 births per thousand population (2003 estimate) mortality rate: 8 deaths per thousand population (2003 estimate) Net rate of migration: 8 migrant(s) per thousand population (2003 estimate) Infant mortality rate: Total: 66 deaths per thousand live births female: 60 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate) male: 72 deaths per thousand live births Life expectancy at birth: total population: 60 years male: 59 years female: 61 years (2003 estimate) Total fertility rate: 6 children born/woman (2003 estimate)


Mahorais or Mahoran


Muslim/Islamic faith 98 percent, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)

Languages & Linguistic Groupings

Mahorian (a dialect of Swahili), French spoken by thirty-five percent of the populace.

Government information on Mayotte

Country name: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte

Dependency status: Territory of France

Capital city: Mamoutzou

Independence: none National holiday: 14 July Constitution: 1958 Legal system: French Civil Code

Electoral & Voting System

Universal vote from the age of 18. Executive branch: Head of State: President of France

Chief of Government:President of the General Council

Legislative branch: Unicameral Conseil General members elected 3-year terms

Economy information on Mayotte

Economic activity is mainly primary industry based.

Mayotte is not self-sufficient and imports a considerable portion of its food necessities, predominantly from France.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

$USD80 million (1998 estimate) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) - per head of population: $USD500 (1998 estimate)

Rate of inflation: NA percent Labour force: 49,000 (2000) Rate of unemployment: 40 percent (1999)


Incomes: $USDNA spending : $USD75 million, (1991 estimate) Industries: fisheries, construction

Agriculture - products: vanilla, perfume essence, coffee, coconut products


$USD4 million . (1997) Exports - commodities: ylang-ylang (perfume essence), vanilla, copra, coconuts, coffee, cinnamon Exports - partners: France 83 percent, Comoros 12 percent, Reunion (2000)


$USD141 million . (1997) Imports - commodities: processed food, machinery and equipment, construction materials and equipment, transportation and vehicular equipment, metals, chemicals; Imports -most important trading partners: France 65 percent, Africa 15 percent, Southeast Asia 10 percent (2000 estimate) National Currency: euro (EUR) Currency Abbreviation: EUR

Communications in Mayotte

Telephones landlines: 10,000 (1998) Radio broadcast stations: Amplitude Modulation 2, Frequency Modulation 6, shortwave 1 (2001) Television broadcast stations: 4 (2001) Internet country code: .yt

Transportation in & travel to Mayotte

Railroad networks: 0 kilometres Roading System: Total: 95 kilometres Airports & airfields: 2 (2002)

Military system of Mayotte

Military - note: Defence and military matters are the controlled by the Republic of France; small contingent of French military forces are stationed on Mayotte.

International Issues Disputes - international: claimed by Comoros

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More information on Mayotte, a French-speaking nation
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Information on Mayotte
Source: All info sourced and adapted from CIA Factbook
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