Fun factual information on Saint Pierre Miquelon

General Information on Saint Pierre Miquelon & Quick Overview

The islands of Saint Pierre Miquelon were first settled by the French in the early 1600’s, the islands being the last remnants of France's once huge land estates in North America.

Geographical Information on Saint Pierre Miquelon

Geographical Position: North Atlantic Ocean, south of the coast of Canada’s Newfoundland Map Ref Latitude & Longitude 46 degrees 00 North, 56 degrees 00 Total Land & Sea Area North America Total240square kilometres Sea Area 0 square kilometres land area 240 square kilometres Land boundaries 0 kilometres Coastal Length 100 kilometres

Climatological Conditions & information on Saint Pierre Miquelon

Cold, chilly climate, wet, with frequent mist and fog; windy weather in spring and autumn.

Terrain Features

Rocky ground. Highest & Lowest Elevations: Lowest elevationAtlantic Ocean at sea level Highest elevation Morne de la Grande Montagne 250 metres Country’s natural resources fish & fish resources, ocean ports.

Land use

Ploughable land area 13 percent permanent crops 0 percent other: 87 percent (1998 estimate) Irrigated land area nil Hazardous Natural phenomena Persistent fog year-round can be a danger to shipping.

Geographical Point of Interest

Vegetation is sparse.

People-Information on Saint Pierre Miquelon

Population 7000 (July 2003 estimate) Age structure under 15 years: 26 percent Over 6510 percent Median age of population Total33 years male: 32 years female: 34 years (2002) Population growth rate 0.5 percent (2003 estimate) Birth rate 14 births per thousand population (2003 estimate) mortality rate 7 deaths per thousand population (2003 estimate) Net rate of migration -5 migrant(s) per thousand population (2003 estimate) Infant mortality rate Total8 deaths per thousand live births female:7 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate) male: 9 deaths per thousand live births Life expectancy at birth total population: 78 years male: 76 years female: 80 years (2003 estimate) Total fertility rate 2 children born/woman (2003 estimate)

Nationality

Frenc

Ethnic groups

Basque, Breton

Religions

Roman Catholic 98 percent

Languages & Linguistic Groupings

French Literacy definition People over the age of 15 years that are literate (can read & write): total population: 98 percent male: 98 percent female: 98 percent (1982 estimate)

Government information on Saint Pierre Miquelon

Country name Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre Miquelon

Dependency status Territorial collectivity of France Capital city Saint-Pierre Independence Nil - under French rule since 1763 National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July Constitution 1958 (French Constitution) Legal system French legal code

Electoral & Voting System

Universal vote from the age of 18. Executive branch Head of StatePresident of France
Legislative branch Unicameral 19 seat Conseil General - Saint Pierre having fifteen seats & Miquelon has four. Voted in for terms of 6-years.

Economy information on Saint Pierre Miquelon

Economy - overview The economy has traditionally been based on fisheries and the servicing of fishing fleets and maritime fleets.

Disputes with Canada over fishing quotas.

The islands are financially heavily dependent on subsidies from France.

Recent oil exploration may yet prove the potential for an energy sector.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

$USD75 million – Gross Domestic Product - actual growth rate n/a. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) - per head of population: $USD10,000 (1996 estimate)

Rate of inflation 2 percent (1991-96 average) Labour force 3,000 (1999) Labour force - by occupation fishing 20 percent, industry (mainly fish-processing) 40 percent, services 40 percent (1996 estimate) Rate of unemployment10 percent (1997)

Budget

Incomes $USD75 million spending $USD65 million. Industries fisheries & fish processing, harbour fishing fleets; nascent tourism

Agriculture - products Vegetables; livestock; fish

Exports

$USD10 million . (1999) Exports - commodities fish and fish products, legumes, molluscs, hides & pelts Exports - partners United States 33 percent, Zambia 30 percent, Ecuador 16 percent, France 5 percent, Canada 5 percent, Spain 3 percent (2002)

Imports

$USD50 million . (1999) Imports - commodities Meat, processed food, textiles, petroleum, electric equipment, machinery, construction materials Imports -most important trading partners Zambia 61 percent, France 22 percent, Canada 12 percent (2002) National Currency euro (EUR) Currency Abbreviation EUR

Communications in Saint Pierre Miquelon

Telephones landlines 5,000 (1997) Radio broadcast stations Amplitude Modification 2, Frequency Modulation 5, shortwave 0 (1998) Television broadcast stations 2 Internet country code .pm

Transportation in & travel Information on Saint Pierre Miquelon

Railroad networks 0 kilometres Roading System Total100 kilometres Airports & airfields 3 (2002)

Military system of Saint Pierre Miquelon :

Military - note: Defence and military matters are the controlled by the Republic of France

International Issues Saint Pierre Miquelon Disputes - international Recently settled sea-border dispute between Canada and France recently settled.



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More information on Saint Pierre & Miquelon, a French-speaking nation
| Flag of Saint Pierre & Miquelon | Map of Saint Pierre & Miquelon |
Information on Saint Pierre Miquelon
Source: All info sourced and adapted from CIA Factbook
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