Fun facts general overview and information on Togo
General Information on Togo & Quick Overview
Gaining independence from France in 1960, the former French Togoland became known as Togo.
Eyadema, a military ruler took charge in 1967, and as of 2003 remained as Africa's longest-serving Chief of State.
Multiparty elections began in the 1990s, but the Rally of the Togolese People party that has held power virtually continually from 1967 continues to do so.
International organizations accuse Togo of human rights abuses and most international aid to Togo has been withheld by donors.
Geographical statistics & Information on Togo Geographical Position:
Togo is in West Africa, and sits on the Bight of Benin. It is located between Ghana and Benin.
Map Ref Latitude & Longitude
9 degrees 00 North, 1 degrees 10 East Total Land & Sea Area
57,000 square kilometres Sea Area
2,500 square kilometres land area
54,500 square kilometres Land boundaries Total
1,650 kilometres border countries
Benin 650 kilometres, Burkina Faso 125 kilometres, Ghana 880 kilometres Coastal Length
Climatological Conditions & information on Togo
Togo’s climate is tropical; hot, wet, humid in southern regions and dry and semiarid in northern areas.
Terrain in Togo is undulating savanna in northern regions; in the centre the terrain is hilly; whiel to th south the land is a plateau; Towards the coast are low, rolling plains with large areas of lagoons and swampy marshland.
Highest & Lowest Elevations: Lowest elevation
Atlantic Ocean at sea level Highest elevation
Mont Agou 985 metres Country’s natural resources
Phosphate deposits, limestone deposits, marble deposits, arable land
Land use Ploughable land area
41 percent permanent crops
2 percent other: 57 percent (1998 estimate) Irrigated land area
75 square kilometres (1998 estimate) Hazardous Natural phenomena
Hot, dry and sometimes dusty harmattan wind can reduce visibility in northern regions during winter months; periodic water shortages and droughts.
Geographical Point of Interest
A long, thin country Togo spans 6 distinct geographical regions with the climate varying from tropical in the south to savanna in the north.
People-Information on Togo Population
5,430,000 Age structure under 15 years:
44 percent 15 to 64 years
54 percent Over 65
2 percent Median age of population
17 years male: 16 years female: 18 years (2002) Population growth rate
2 percent (2003 estimate) Birth rate
35 births per thousand population (2003 estimate) mortality rate
11 deaths per thousand population (2003 estimate) Net rate of migration
0 migrant(s) per thousand population (2003 estimate) Infant mortality rate Total
68 deaths per thousand live births female: 60 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate) male: 76 deaths per thousand live births Life expectancy at birth
53 years male: 51 years female: 55 years (2003 estimate) Total fertility rate
5 children born/woman (2003 estimate)
African 99 percent, others 1 percent.
Religious information on Togo
Indigenous religious beliefs 50 percent, Christian 28 percent, Muslim/Islamic faith 22 percent.
Languages & Linguistic Groupings
French, Ewe, Mina, Kabiye, Dagombah
definition People over the age of 15 years that are literate (can read & write): total population: 61 percent male: 75 percent female: 47 percent (2003 estimate)
Government information on Togo
Togolese Republic Government type
April 27th 1960
National holiday Independence Day
Based on French Civil Law
Electoral & Voting System
Universal vote for adults
Head of State
Chief of Government:
President and Prime minister appoint a Council of Ministers.
Legislative branch Unicameral National Assembly
Economy information on Togo
Small scale agriculture much of it subsistence provides labout for sixty-five percent of the Togolese labour force, but basic foodstuffs are still imported.
Cotton is the biggest cash generator and with coffee and cocoa generates forty percent of the country’s export receipts.
Togo is the 4th biggest phosphate producer in the world.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Purchasing power parity - $USD7.500 billion (2002 estimate) Gross Domestic Product - actual growth rate
3 percent (2002 estimate) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) - per head of population:
$USD1,000 (2002 estimate) Gross Domestic Product - composition by sector agriculture
40 percent industry
20 percent services
40 percent (2001 estimate) Population below poverty line
30 percent (1989 estimate)
Rate of inflation 5 percent (2002 estimate) Labour force 2 million (1996) Labour force - by occupation agriculture 60 percent, industry 8 percent, services 32 percent (1998 estimate)
Budget information on Togo
$USD230 million spending
$USD250 million Industries
Phosphate mining, farm produce processing, cement, textiles, apparel, tea, coffee, cocoa Agriculture - products
Coffee, cotton, cocoa, root crops and tubers, maize, corn, grains, legumes, livestock, meats, fish & fish products.
$USD450 million . (2002) Exports - commodities
Cotton, phosphate, cocoa, coffee,
Exports - partners
Ghana 18 percent, Benin
13 percent, Burkina Faso
8 percent, Philippines 5 percent, Niger
4.1 percent (2002)
$USD560 million . (2002) Imports - commodities
machinery and equipment, processed foodstuffs, fuel products
Imports -most important trading partners
21 percent, China 16 percent, Netherlands 6.percent, Germany 5 percent, United Kingdom 5 percent, Italy 4 percent (2002)
$USD1 billion (2000) National Currency
Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); Currency Abbreviation
Communications information on Togo Telephones landlines
30,000 (1997) Radio broadcast stations
Amplitude Modulation 3, Frequency Modulation 10, shortwave 5 (1998) Television broadcast stations
5 Internet country code
Transportation in & travel information on Togo Railroad networks Total
500 kilometres Roading System Total
7,500 kilometres Airports & airfields
Military information on Togo Military spending
- $USD24 million (Fiscal Year02) Military spending : percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
2 percent (Fiscal Year02)
International Issues Togo Disputes - international Boundary dispute with Benin.
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Source: All info sourced and adapted from CIA Factbook
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