Facts figures & information on Equatorial Guinea

General information on Equatorial Guinea:

Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. The country is composed of a mainland part on the continent and five inhabited islands and is one of the smallest countries on the African continent.

The country is officially a constitutional democracy since 1991, but the last three elections were subject to accusations of corruption.

Geographical information on Equatorial Guinea:

Geographical Position: Western Africa between Gabon and Cameroon

Map Ref Latitude & Longitude 2 degrees 00’ North, 10 degrees 00’ East

Total Land & Sea Area Total: 28,000 square kilometres Sea Area0 square kilometres land area: 28,000 square kilometres

Land boundaries: Total: 540 kilometres Border countries: Cameroon 190 kilometres , Gabon 350 kilometres Coastal Length: 300 kilometres

Climatological Conditions:

Tropical; humid and hoy all over the year. Country terrain: Plains along the coast, hills in the center and volcanic island.

Highest & Lowest Elevations: Lowest elevation: Atlantic Ocean at mean sea level highest point: Pico Basile 3,100 meters

Natural resources: Hydrocarbons, timber and lumber and lumber, gold deposits, manganese uranium titanium mining and iron mining Land use: arable land area: 4. percent permanent crops: 3.5 percent other: 91 percent (1998 estimate.) Natural hazards: Dramatic windstorms, floods

Geographical information on Equatorial Guinea:

Islands widely distant from the continental part.

Population: 510,400 (July 2003 estimate.) Age structure: Under 15: 42.2 percent From 15 to 65: 54 percent Over 65: 3.8 percent Median age: Total: 18.5 years male: 18 years female: 19 years (2002) Population growth rate: 2.5 percent (2003 estimate.) Birth rate: 37 births per thousand population (2003 estimate.) Death rate: 12.5 deaths per thousand population (2003 estimate.) Net migration rate: 0 migrant per thousand population (2003 estimate.) total population: 0.9 male-to-female ratio(2003 estimate.) Infant mortality rate: Total: 89 deaths per thousand live births female: 82 deaths per thousand live births (2003 estimate.) male: 95 deaths per thousand live births Life expectancy at birth: total population: 54 years male: 52 years female: 56 years (2003 estimate.) Total fertility rate: 4.75 children born/woman (2003 estimate.) Nationality: Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean

Ethnicities: Bioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,500, mostly Spanish

Religious information on Equatorial Guinea: Predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices

Languages: Spanish (official), French (official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo Literacy: definition: age 15 and more can read and write total population: 85.5 percent male: 93 percent female: 78 percent (2003 estimate.)

Government Equatorial Guinea:

Republic of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Government type: republic Capital city: Malabo

Independence: 12 October 1968 National holiday: Independence Day, 12 October Constitution: 17 November 1991; Legal system: Based on Spanish civil law and tribal custom

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal adult

Executive branch: Head of State: President cabinet: Council of Ministers Head of government: Prime Minister Legislative branch: unicameral House of People's Representatives Judicial branch Supreme Tribunal

Economy information on Equatorial Guinea:

Economy - overview: In recent years large oil reserves have been discovered and exploited which contributed to huge economic growth. In addition farming, forestry, and angling products are the other components of GDP - Gross Domestic Product even though they have been largely neglected by the oil exploitation. Corruption and mismanagement have scared the World Bank and IMF that cut off their financial aids. GDP - Gross Domestic Product: - $USD1.3 billion (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - growth rate: 25 percent (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - per capita: - $USD3,000 (2002 estimate.) GDP - Gross Domestic Product - composition by sector: agriculture: 22 percent industry: 55 percent services: 23 percent (1999 estimate.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5 percent (2002 estimate.) rate of unemployment: 25 percent (1998 estimate.)

Budget information on Equatorial Guinea: incomes: $USD250 million spending: $USD150 million, (2001 estimate.)

Industries: Hydrocarbons, angling, sawmilling, Industrial production growth rate: 30 percent (2002 estimate.)

Agriculture - products:

Coffee, cocoa, rice, sweet potatoes, tapioca, bananas, nuts; livestock; timber and lumber and lumber. Exports: $USD2 billion (2002 estimate.)

Exports - commodities: Hydrocarbons, timber and lumber and lumber, cocoa Exports - partners: US 28 percent, Spain 25 percent, China 17 percent, Canada 10 percent, France 5 percent (2002) Imports: $USD550 million (2002 estimate.)

Imports - commodities: Mostly petroleum sector equipment Imports - partners: US 29 percent, Spain 15 percent, UK 14 percent, France 10 percent, Norway 7 percent, Netherlands 5 percent, Italy 4 percent (2002) Debt - external: $USD250 million (2000 estimate.) Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); Currency code: XAF

Communications in Equatorial Guinea:

Telephones: 6,000 (1998)

Radio broadcast stations: Amplitude Modulation 0, Frequency Modulation 3, SW 5 (2002) Television stations: 1 (2002) Internet country code: .gq

Travel information on Equatorial Guinea :

Railroad networks: Total: 0 kilometres Roading System: Total: 2,900 kilometres (1999 estimate.) Airports: 5 (2002)

Military system in Equatorial Guinea:

Military branches: Army, Rapid Intervention Force, National Police Military spending: $USD50 million Military spending: - percent of GDP - Gross Domestic Product: 2 percent

International Issues in Equatorial Guinea: Disputes - international: Maritime disputes with Cameroon and Nigeria over the Gulf of Guinea bounderies; and with Gabon the islets on Mbane/Mbagne bank, administered and occupied by Gabon.


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